January 30, 2013
Jeannine Uribe, Drexel University
Jessie M. Scott in India: Assessing Nursing Manpower in India through a US Lens
Barbara Bates Center, University of Pennsylvania
Date and Time: Wednesday, January 30, 2013, 12:00 PM to 1:30 PM in Room 2019, Floor 2U, Claire Fagin Hall.
Abstract: After India gained independence, government administrators sought ways to improve the health of the people, whose life expectancy was 37 years in 1956. Indian nurses followed an education and practice model based on training nurses received at St. Thomas’ Hospital in London in the late 1800s. The Second Five Year Plan which focused on industry also proposed greater health care coverage for Indians so that workers were strong for the new economic, political and social progress that India desired. Prime Minister Nehru asked for a US nurse consultant to evaluate the nursing situation and Jessie M. Scott, Deputy Director of the Division of Nursing, the highest federal position for a nurse in the US, joined the Technical Cooperation Mission to India for three months. Scott traveled around the country meeting leaders and using US business methods for counting nurses and their actions. She did not make recommendations for sweeping change but soon after her return to the US, she was asked to complete the same activity: assess and administer the Nurse Training Act of 1964.
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